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The museum and memorial complex of victims of political repression and totalitarianism “ALZHIR” was opened on May 31, 2007 in the village Akmol. During the Civil War, the Soviet government began to isolate its class and ideological enemies in special concentration camps. During the years of repression, in 1934, the The Main Directorate of Camps and Places of Detention was created. The Akmola camp of wives of traitors to the motherland – “ALZhIR.”, where in 1938-1953 more than 20 thousand women from all over the USSR were held, was one of the divisions of the GULAG.
Together with the guide, we will take a comfortable car to the village of Akmol, located 30 km away from the city. Driving up to the place in front of us will open a view of the Museum building in the form of a “Mound”. A place that holds many human tears and pain. And its history began on December 3, 1937. Then, on the basis of the so-called 26th point of the settlement – labor settlement, the Akmola special Department of Karlag (GULAG Department in Kazakhstan) was formed – “Akmola camp of wives of traitors to the Motherland”. The prisoners of the camp called it “ALZHIR” for short. About 8 thousand women passed through this camp, more than 18 thousand passed the stage.
The barracks, the mess hall, the cattle farms, the water pump, the granary, and the workshops were all built by the hands of female prisoners. They were mostly intellectuals who were not used to hard work. Wives of famous public figures, such as Rakhil Plisetskaya, mother of the famous Russian ballerina Maya Plisetskaya, Andronikashvili K. G., Arvatova-Tukhachevskaya E. N., Koldomasova G. V. M., Peters A. Z. and others. After the closure of the Akmola camp for the wives of “traitors” of the Motherland, its former prisoners continued to live in the barracks, and then special settlers settled here. Some prisoners stayed and created a new life here.
Later, on may 31, 2007, the Museum and memorial complex for victims of political repression and totalitarianism “ALZHIR” was opened in the village of Akmol, Akmola region. The names of seven thousand women who had gone through mourning were scrawled on the wall of memory. And the Alash Park, where the prisoners grew fruit, still has some kind of ice wing running through it. This place is still a Museum of memory of the human tragedy of the twentieth century.