Saraishyk settlement, situated 50 kilometers north of Atyrau city, graces the right bank of the Ural River (Jaik). This ancient settlement holds a remarkable place in Kazakhstan’s history, with its origins dating back more than a thousand years. Throughout the eras of the Golden Horde and the Kazakh Khanate, Saraishyk played a pivotal role as a bustling center of trade and commerce, serving as a critical junction for major caravan routes.
The 1990s saw a resurgence of interest in this historical site, leading to extensive archaeological excavations. These excavations unearthed a treasure trove of artifacts, including remnants of ceramic dishes and examples of pottery adorned with intricate patterns and even gilded artwork, providing valuable insights into the rich history of this ancient settlement.